Agriculture in rural areas

The communities where ESMABAMA works live mainly from agriculture and livestock. We work in their development of skills.

Development of skills

ESMABAMA is committed to promoting the exchange of experiences between students and teachers of the schools of agriculture (Middle Agricultural Institutes), farmers’ association, and agriculture technician inputs in order to increase technical knowledge in agriculture in rural areas.

agriculture in rural areas

Importance of agriculture in rural areas

ESMABAMA manages several hundred hectares in areas close to the development centers of Estaquinha and Machanga. These are agricultural fields and fields used for grazing. The development centers are located in isolated, poor rural areas with food shortages. These agricultural fields are therefore an opportunity to grow vegetables and cereals and to improve the diet of the boarding school students.

Schools of agriculture - agriculture in rural areas

These fields are managed in liaison with the schools of agriculture. Furthermore, the schools of agriculture are fundamental to disseminate knowledge, technical skills and training in agriculture in the communities, farmers’ association, and for the different students who attend them. Besides carrying out work in the demonstration fields of the schools of agriculture, the students also do it in the farmers’ association, broadening their knowledge. The focus on the development of competencies has been growing, especially in the areas of production, transformation and commercialization. In this way, the aim is to boost rural development, agriculture in rural areas and the financial independence of farmers in the south of Sofala Province, transforming subsistence agriculture into profitable agriculture.

Each development center has technicians who monitor the agro-livestock production of the centers themselves, the farmers’ associations and the schools of agriculture (giving training to students in the practical component).

Effects of climate change in Mozambique

In 2019, cyclone Idai, and the floods that followed, destroyed all agricultural production that year, killed many animals and caused soil erosion, leaving the soil with low fertility. Cyclones, floods, droughts are increasingly frequent phenomena that hamper agricultural production and animal health.